In the depths of the country is a city that is rightfully considered the intellectual and cultural capital of the state of Morocco. This is the city where the prophet Mohammed fled from Mecca when he was in danger. Since then, the old quarters of any Muslim city began to be called Medina.
It is the fourth largest city after Casablanca, Rabat, Marrakesh and the former capital of Morocco. The city has one of the oldest universities in the world. In the Middle Ages, Fez was the main spiritual center of Islam. The city has 800 mosques. Today it is a large modern city with more than half a million inhabitants.
Like all the cities of Morocco, Fes is divided into two parts – the old Fes al-Bali, and the new Fes al-Jedid. In the new part of the city is the king’s palace, which is empty almost all year round.
This city is one of the ancient capitals of Morocco. It is located 60 kilometers west of Fez, on the Al-Hajeb plateau. Here you can see one of the most beautiful city gates in North Africa – Bab Mansour. In this city, even the ancient ruins are striking in their grandeur. Such are the ruins of the first palace of Dar el-Kebir, built by Moulay Ismail. The warehouses of Dar el-Ma are amazing, its three-meter-thick wall provided reliable protection for the food stored here. From the terrace of the warehouse you can see the Agdal basin, whose area was four hectares, this pool was used as a reservoir and was used to irrigate city gardens.
Also here is the amazing mausoleum of Moulay Ismail, decorated with mosaics, fountains, marble and cedar carvings. The floor of the mausoleum is covered with Meknes carpets. For non-Muslims, the entrance to the room where the remains of the great Sultan are stored is prohibited.
At a distance of 30 kilometers from Meknes you can see the ruins of the ancient Roman city of Volubilis. In the 1st century, this city was one of the main cities of Mauritania. Today, from the former splendor and power there are only columns that look at the sky and mosaic floors.
Museum Dar Jamai. This building was built for the family of the great vizier Hassan I Mohammed Belarbi. At one time, the building was used differently. Since 1920, there has been an exposition of the Museum of Moroccan art. After 2005, only carpets from all regions of Morocco are represented in his exposition.