Arriving in any country, it is interesting for everyone to get acquainted not only with local attractions, but also with national cuisine, life, character, traditions of local residents.
Egypt is a country of established traditions and interesting customs, which is why tours to Egypt are so popular among our fellow citizens. Muslim faith has a huge impact on the family and society of the Egyptians. The basis of secular legislation in Egypt is formed by a set of norms of Muslim law – Sharia, which, however, operates in a relaxed form. So, in Egypt they refused such strict punishments as cutting off a hand for theft. Attempts are being made to bring sharia and modern law closer together.
Five times a day, the muezzin calls believers to prayer through a loudspeaker. And in the month of Ramadan, night becomes day. All day, Muslims fast and interrupt fasting only after sunset. At this time, public life freezes, state institutions work only from 10.00 to 14.00.
Despite strict Islamic traditions, Egypt is a welcoming country, guests are always welcome here. However, local traditions should be respected. Bare shoulders and mini skirts are possible on site, but are not very suitable for street walks. Real Muslims do not consume alcohol, although they usually do not mind when others do it. It is not customary to photograph local residents without their permission, to criticize Islam, eat and smoke on the street.
In modern Egypt, about 65 million people live, and each year the population grows by 1.3 million. 20 million people now live in Cairo, which is commensurate with the population of the whole country in the 50s. However, the infant mortality rate is 67%, the average life expectancy of the Egyptians is 64 years.
Ethnically, the population of modern Egypt is pretty monotonous. Arabized descendants of the ancient Egyptians make up 99% of the population. Ethnic minorities include Nubians, as well as Bedouins and other nomadic tribes. In addition to the Egyptian Arabs, Arabs from Sudan and the Arabian Peninsula, which number tens of thousands of people, as well as Palestinians, Lebanese, and others live here.
80% of the total population of Egypt are peasants (fellahs). The influx of people from the countryside to the big cities of Cairo and Alexandria is not decreasing in search of a better life and work, but often people are waiting for an even more miserable existence. The unemployment rate in the country is about 20%.
About 50% of Egyptians, mostly women, can neither read nor write. Women do not work, with the rare exception of those who have an education. They go in hijabs, and even in the veil. An Egyptian man can have 4 wives. Divorce is only given if the wife has cheated or is ill and cannot have children. All other reasons are not considered. If they still managed to get a divorce, then children under 14 live with their mother, and then go to their father.
Schools in Egypt are free. Studying at a university (there are two in Cairo) costs about 10,000 cu For men, military service is mandatory, after which he can obtain a passport allowing him to leave the country. If a man wants to get married, he must buy an apartment (from 30,000 cu) and give his future wife a gift in the form of jewelry, at least 1,500 cu and get parental consent. Sometimes, usually in villages, the bridegroom gives kalym – camels for the bride.