Alexandria. City tour
Egypt is famous not only for its tourist attractions, but also for its beautiful cities. One of these is Alexandria, located near Cairo (only two hundred twenty-five kilometers), which has the second largest territory and a culture different from the rest of Egypt.
The first mention of the creation of the city dates back to 332 BC, when it was founded by Alexander the Great. In those ancient times, Alexandria was the center of the country and the medium of the most active trade. The city developed rapidly and soon became the cultural and spiritual center of those times. Many eminent scientists and philosophers of those times found inspiration here for their scientific works, among them were such famous people as Euclid, Strabo and many others. It is noteworthy that it was in Alexandria that the great Caesar was struck by the beauty of Queen Cleopatra.
The story of Alexandria would not be complete without mentioning the Library of Alexandria, created by the philosopher Demetrius Falersky, and numbering about a million different works of that time. Sadly, she died in the fire during the reign of Caesar. In Alexandria there was the Faros lighthouse, recognized as one of the seven wonders of the world. Alas, it also did not survive to our times, collapsing in the XIV century due to a powerful earthquake. It was from Alexandria, in the first century BC, that Christianization of Egypt and the mass persecution of Christians under the rule of Diocletian, who destroyed the city in 295, originated. With the development of Cairo, Alexandria lost its former significance, and it was not until the nineteenth century that ruler Muhammad Ali revived it.
History has left traces in Alexandria literally everywhere. At the location of the Faros lighthouse, Fort Kite Bay is conveniently located, which was built using the ruins of the lighthouse by the Muslim Sultan Ashraf back in the fifteenth century. On the opposite side of the harbor, where the fort is located, the tombs of Anfushi were built, located in the rocks and made in the Greek-Egyptian style in the second century BC. The walls of the tombs are made of materials imitating the painting of walls under marble, wood and alabaster.
Flooded with water on the two lower floors, the catacombs of Komash-Shavkaf built in 1-2 centuries BC are also located there. In the architecture of the burial, elements of the Greek, Egyptian and Roman styles are visible. The chapel is painted with scenes of Christian requiems. The guards of the chapel are Anubis and a creature with a head similar to the head of a dragon or a monkey. Among the different types of burials, there are also tomb wells located in the rock.
Abu al-Abbas is one of the largest and most popular mosques in Alexandria. It was built on the site of a collapsed mosque, located above the burial of Abu al-Abbas al-Mursi. The mosque was completely rebuilt in 1944 and is considered a masterpiece of building art. It masterfully created an ornament for four domes and a minaret, whose height reaches seventy-three meters. The decor of cedar facades was also masterfully created for Friday sermons.
mosque of abu al-abbas
The Museum of Greco-Roman Art contains more than forty thousand different exhibits, of which I want to note the magnificent collection of coins from the fourth century BC to the fourth century AD. In the presented exhibits, you can consider various styles of art of the Ptolemaic period, Ancient Egypt, the Roman period and the Greeks. In Alexandria, deities were made of wood and marble. Fayyuma worshiped an ancient deity in the form of a crocodile, as evidenced by his mummy, presented in the museum. The artist Ivan Biblin, who lived in Russia in the twenties, loved to visit the museum for a long time during his emigration to Egypt.
A very interesting collection of paintings by foreign and Egyptian artists, presented in the halls of the Museum of Fine Arts, there are regular exhibitions of their works, as well as the “Alexandria Biennale”, which is an exhibition of works by artists from the Mediterranean. The museum with royal jewels, collected by Muhammad Ali and his heirs, is located in the former palace and there are also family paintings and statues.