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Egypt, Museum of the Sun Rook

The sun boat is a boat on which the sun god Ra with other gods “transported the sun from east to west.” There were two rooks, as it were, the daytime Manjet and the night Meskett. Ra’s journey was full of dangers and adventures. In the afternoon, the gigantic serpent Apop, personifying darkness and evil, to destroy Ra, lurched Rook and rushed at her. But Ra always triumphed, casting Apophis into the abyss. But sometimes the evil snake still managed to take its own. Then a bad weather began, clouds covered the sky, a burning wind blew from the desert. If Apopus swallowed the Rook, a solar eclipse occurred.

Night swimming was even worse. The Nile’s underground valley is divided by twelve gates into twelve parts, which corresponded to twelve night hours. Strictly by the clock of Ra, all the gates that guarded the monsters passed. To pass the demons, one had to know their names and spells against them. These spells were known by the god who was pulling the solar boat. The Night Rook sailed past the graves, and Ra sent the dead the light of their rays. The dead greeted the sun god and left the tombs.

At the end of her journey, in the twelfth province of Duat, Rook Meskett swam into the body of a giant snake and, passing through a monster, fell into a cave located in one of the eastern mountains. Through it, the Rook flew to the sky. The “Doors of the Horizon” swung open, Ra washed himself in the sacred afterlife and solemnly passed on to the daytime Rook Manjet. So, in short, one of the myths says. The full description of the travels of the god Ra is much more interesting.

But the solar boat itself was found by the Egyptian archaeologist Kamel el-Mallak in 1954. South of the Cheops pyramid, two large quarries were discovered, covered on top with huge limestone slabs. The plates were pushed back – under them was a boat, disassembled into 1224 parts. The assembly took 10 years and was completed without a single nail.

Royal Rook at the Solar Rook Museum
Royal Rook at the Solar Rook Museum

The boat is made of Lebanese cedar. Length – 43.3, width – 5.6 meters. It has two cabins, controlled by ten pairs of oars.

Probably, on this boat the body of the deceased Cheops was transported from Memphis to the pyramid. There are also versions that the boat was used in the ordinary life of the Egyptians as a simple vehicle.

The Gobustan Museum of Rock Art (the oldest historical museum in the world, also located in Egypt) has a lot of images of such boats. All of them are associated with the movement of the main body – the sun. Since the sun occupied an important place in human life, he deified it. And therefore, the solar boat, most likely, has a ritual purpose, or maybe the gods really traveled on it. Who knows?

Assumptions, guesses, theories and historical facts related to the rook, stories about the discovery of the rook, about its assembly – all this awaits you in the Museum of the Solar Rook. And, believe me, such an easy touch with eternity makes a great impression.

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