In the north-west of the African continent is a country called Morocco. The shores of this state are washed by the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. Morocco is separated from the European continent by the Strait of Gibraltar. Morocco is an interesting and multifaceted country with an ancient culture and history.
Morocco is an amazing land where you can see the snowy peaks of the mountains, deep gorges, golden beaches, and the moving “sandy seas” of the Sahara. Here you can relax in modern resorts, as well as get acquainted with ancient cities such as Marrakech, Meknes, Rabat and Fet, where you will discover the mysterious world of Arabian nights.
On the Atlantic plain are the most ancient structures that were found in the country. These are the remains of the Phoenician colonies, which date back to the 1st millennium BC. The oldest of them is Lix, which was based on the river of the same name at the place where it flows into the Atlantic Ocean.
At the foot of Mount Zerhun was the city of Volubilis, which refers to the period of Roman rule. The time of its construction dates back to the II – III centuries. Its ruins are located near the city of Moulay Idris. Since 1997, the object has been protected by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. These are the most beautiful ruins of Roman times in Morocco. Here you can see excavated and partially restored structures such as the capitol, thermae, basilica, residential buildings, which include the “House of the exploits of Hercules”, “House of Venus” and others
The old cities of Morocco to this day have preserved many magnificent examples of classical Arab-Berber architecture – palaces, fortifications, mosques, madrassas, aqueducts, fountains, baths. In the city of Marrakech there is a unique monument of cult monumental architecture – the Koutoubia Mosque, which amazes the eye with its strict and beautiful proportions. The high tower of the minaret with three tiers of elongated windows and decorative arches is crowned with a superstructure with a small elegant dome. In the prayer hall of the mosque you will see many high horseshoe-shaped arches that rest on 150 pylons. Arches formed an enfilade, which creates the illusion of dimensional movement. The sights of Marrakesh include the palace of the Sultan with a garden, the tombs of the Sultan’s family, and the fortress walls.
The grandiose tower of the minaret of the unfinished Hassan mosque, which dates back to the 12th century, is preserved in the capital. Also, if you find yourself in Rabat, then be sure to visit the Museum of Moroccan Art, the Museum of Antiquity, as well as the remains of the Yakub al-Mansour Mosque.
During the reign of the Almohad dynasty, powerful walls with towers and arches were built around the cities. Up to now, some of them have been preserved completely, and some partially. They can be seen in cities such as Marrakech, Meknes, Rabat, Fes.
A large number of medieval architecture dating back to the 12th – 16th centuries has been preserved in Marrakech, Meknes, Sal, Tez. Among the most unique creations of Moroccan architecture of the XVII – XX centuries are the gates of Bab al-Mansour in Meknes. They are joined by the palaces of Bahia in Marrakesh, Dar Bat in Fez, Dar Jaliya in Meknes. These buildings stand out for their sophistication, rich decor and grace of form. Of the modern buildings, the architectural ensemble of the mausoleum of Mohammed V will be most interesting.