In the Middle Ages, a small Berber village of Anfa was located on the site of modern Casablanca. According to the order of the Sultan Mohammed Ben-Abdallah, they began to call him Dar-El-Beida, which translated meant the “White House”. A little later, the Spaniards began to call him in their own way, “casa blank”, which later became the new name of the city.
Today Casablanca is a business center, with a large number of skyscrapers. On the territory of the city are the headquarters of many banks and more than half of Moroccan companies.
The city today has more than 3.5 million inhabitants. In its lifestyle and appearance, Casablanca is similar to most southern European cities. Here is a large artificially created port, with the pier Moulay Josef, whose length is more than three kilometers.
Mohammed V Airport, the largest in Morocco, is striking. It is rightfully considered a monument of modern architecture.
In Casablanca, there is a giant mosque of Hassan II, which can simultaneously accommodate about 25 thousand people for prayer. Today it is the tallest building in the city, and it is also the second largest after the mosque in Mecca. The author of the project was the French architect Michelle Pinso. 3300 craftsmen worked on its construction. Using modern technology of the XXI century, the tallest minaret in the world was erected, its height is 200 meters. In addition, a retractable roof is installed on the minaret, which in a few minutes turns the prayer hall into a magnificent terrace.
Hassan II Mosque
In addition to its religious purpose, the mosque is also a cultural center. The mosque houses a library, a madrassah and a national museum. The internal and external design evokes capture and admiration, patterns and colors are pleasing to the visitor’s eye. The prayer room is decorated with 78 columns of pink granite, and the floors are covered with tiles of green onyx and golden marble. The premises of the mosque are lit by 50-ton Venetian glass chandeliers. The prayer hall can accommodate 25 thousand believers, in addition, an additional 80 thousand people can additionally fit on the explant. The roof is decorated with bright emerald tiles. The central part of the roof moves apart. The opening of this monumental structure took place in August 1993. Today, Hassan II Mosque is the most magnificent Muslim temple, which was built in the twentieth century.
If you are talking about eastern cities, then you can not get around such a thing as the eastern market. Casablanca markets deserve special attention. Within the city, they occupy an entire quarter called Hubbus. Narrow streets are intertwined, connecting bazaars into a single complex – a confectionery market, pottery, olive. Nearby you can see antique shops that offer customers unique things. In this bazaar for a reasonable price you can buy high-quality goods made of leather or silk, and you can also enjoy a piece of date cake. In this quarter, you can see the magnificent building of Maham Adu Pasha, which housed the reception for public affairs and the Palace of Justice. A little further from this building you can also see the church of Notre Dame de Lourdes.
market in Casablanca
Ancient Medina. In the old days, the eastern bazaar was noisy at its walls. But the rapid development of Casablanca contributed to the arrival of people from all over the country in search of a better life. Around this area, new neighborhoods began to emerge from whipped up houses.
New Medina. As the city was constantly growing, it was decided to sharpen the new quarter, which would meet modern requirements. In 1923, the construction of a new quarter began, which corresponded to the customs and traditions of Moroccans.